Advocating for stronger and more democratic political donation and spending laws
Money to the Ref? We don’t allow that in hockey or other sports – but in politics it’s legal!
Politicians are supposed to be the referees who decide what is in the public interest – so why do we allow wealthy private interests to buy them off with huge donations, including secret donations, and why do we allow interest groups to spend secret, unlimited amounts of money before and during many election campaigns?”
Please send your letter now using the form on this page, and please help spread the word by Liking and Tweeting this page.
(See below for more details about the loopholes and flaws in Canada’s political finance laws)
- Stopping Big Money Elections Legal Fund
- Stop Kevin O’Leary’s Lawsuit Fund
- List of sham political donation systems across Canada.
- Organizations: Join the nation-wide Money in Politics Coalition
- Summary of Third Party Advertising Spending Limits Court Case (archive website)
- Please print and use Good Government sticker/door sign
- Download and print the “Senate Scandal is the tip of the iceberg” sign by clicking here and put it up everywhere
DWatch responds to misleading Commissioner of Lobbying letter to House Ethics Committee for secret meetings on her proposed gutting of key ethical lobbying rules
32 lawyers and professors call on House Ethics Committee to reject Lobbying Commissioner’s proposed gutting of key ethical lobbying rules
Lobbying Commissioner’s proposed gutting of key ethical lobbying rules will make China and other foreign-government interference easier
Money in Politics Campaign 1993-2011 archive (archive website)
Surveys show that a large majority of Canadians believe governments are driven by wealthy interest groups, especially corporate donors, and that governments regularly act unethically to help their business friends and are not doing enough to stop corruption. Surveys also show that a large majority of Canadians support placing strict limits on the influence of wealthy interests in politics.
Many recent scandals in Canadian politics have made many people realize how loophole-filled and weak the restriction of money in politics is in Canada.
Italian police have said that Ontario has a mafia corruption problem in the construction industry even worse than in Quebec.
As a result, the pressure is increasing on all politicians, and all governments, to clean up their political finance systems.
Democracy Watch coordinates the nation-wide Money in Politics Coalition made up of 50 citizen groups with a combined total membership of more than 3 million Canadians that are all pushing together for key changes.
Loopholes in Federal Canadian Law
In December 2006, Parliament passed Bill C-2 (the so-called “Federal Accountability Act” (FAA) — Details of changes made by Bill C-2) which made historic changes to Canada’s 33-year-old political fundraising rules in the Canada Elections Act. Further changes were made by the Trudeau Liberals between 2015 and 2019 with Bill C-50 and C-76. Among other progressive changes:
- there is a $1,600 (increasing by $25 each year) annual limit on donations by each Canadian to each federal political party, and a combined total limit of $1,600 (increasing by $25 each year) annually to each parties’ riding associations (and, during an election campaign, the same combined total limit applies to donations to each party’s election candidates);
- corporations, unions and other organizations are banned from making donations;
- disclosure of political donations is more comprehensive and timely, although disclosure of a party or candidate’s donors is still not be required before an election vote takes place;
- secret, unlimited donations of money, property and services to election candidates are prohibited, and;
- federal politicians are prohibited from having a trust fund.
While the new law limits the influence of money in politics, the following loopholes still exist that allow for secret, unlimited donations:
- donation limits and disclosure requirements are needed for “volunteer labour” donated to parties and candidates during nomination race, election and party leadership campaigns, to close this existing secret donations loophole that allows corporations, unions and other organizations to give employees paid time off to work on campaigns;
- loans to parties, riding associations, nomination race candidates, election candidates and party leadership candidates from corporations, unions and all other types of organizations (including political parties and riding associations lending to candidates) must be banned (as donations have been), or at least strictly limited, and loans from individuals must be limited (as donations have been) so that loans cannot be used to influence the government or politicians;
- as political party leadership campaign candidates are required to do, all candidates and parties must be required to disclose publicly all donations, gifts, and the status of any loans, during the week before election day, so voters know who is bankrolling campaigns;
- disclosure of the identity of each individual donor’s employer must be required (as in the U.S.) and disclosure of each donor’s direct organizational affiliations must also be required (to help ensure that corporations, unions and other organizations are not funnelling donations through their employees or board members);
- secret, unlimited donations of money, property and services to candidates in nomination race and political party leadership campaigns must be banned (NOTE: Bill C-2 (the FAA) bans secret donations to election candidates, but not to nomination race nor to party leadership candidates);
- riding associations and political parties are still allowed to have a secret trust fund and take secret, unlimited donations to the fund (as long as they don’t use the donations for campaigns);
- the penalty for taking a secret donation of money, property or services, or having a secret trust fund, must be increased to $100,000 and a jail term (NOTE : the FAA establishes ridiculously low penalties of $500 to $2,000);
- given that federal election dates are now fixed every 4 years, spending by candidates, riding associations and political parties must be limited for at least 6 months before each election day;
- donations by political parties to riding associations and candidates must be limited to decrease the possibility of party headquarters influencing the selection of candidates by riding associations, and to make associations and candidates more independent from party headquarters;
- establish public funding that matches the donations made to any nomination race, election, and party leadership candidate who raises a specific minimum amount of money that shows they have voter support;
- reinstate the annual public funding of political parties but only at the rate of at most $1 per vote received (to ensure that in order to prosper parties need to have active, ongoing support of a broad base of individuals) and ensure riding associations receive a fair share of this funding (to decrease the control of party headquarters over riding associations), and;
- spending limits must be established for political party leadership campaigns to ensure a level playing field for all candidates (spending by nomination race candidates, election candidates, and political parties is already limited during campaigns).
Loopholes in Canadian Provincial and Territorial Laws
All Canadian provincial and territorial laws have the same loopholes as the Canadian federal law set out above, and in addition the have the following loopholes:
- all provinces and territories except Quebec have a donation limit that is too high and that allows wealthy individuals (including people directly connected to corporations, unions and other organizations) to buy influence with the government;
- Newfoundland and Labrador, Saskatchewan and the Yukon do not have donation limits, and also still allow donations from corporations, unions and other organizations;
- all jurisdictions allow fundraisers to act as “bundlers” of donations from other individuals, without any disclosure of the identity of bundlers;
- other than in Ontario, disclosure of donations to parties happens only once each year, and everywhere donations to riding associations happens only once each year, and disclosure of a party or candidate’s donors is not required before an election vote takes place;
- secret, unlimited donations of money, property and services to all types of political candidates are allowed, and;
- candidates, elected officials, riding associations, and political parties are allowed to have a secret trust fund and take secret, unlimited donations to the fund (as long as they don’t use the donations for campaigns)