Finance Minister reviewing Bank Act right now – petition calls for creation of financial consumer group, turning FCAC and Ombudsman from lapdogs into watchdogs, audits of profits and lending, and increasing penalties
Big Six Banks gouge out record profits of $42.3 billion in 2017 ($5 billion (13%) higher than in 2016, and more than double their 2010 profits) – higher than comparable banks in all other countries
Three of Canada Big Six Banks were among top 90 most profitable companies in the world in 2016, will likely move up in the rankings in 2017
Australia has launched a royal commission on bank gouging – Canada should also do a similar examination
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE:
Wednesday, December 6, 2017
OTTAWA – Today, as Canada’s Big 6 Banks have finished reporting their record 2017 profits which are more than double their 2010 profits, and as Finance Minister Bill Morneau reviews the Bank Act and other financial sector laws, Democracy Watch called on the Finance Minister to make the key changes to stop gouging and abuse called for by its Bank Accountability Campaign and Change.org petition that more than 25,000 people have signed.
According to Fortune magazine’s Global 500 for 2016, three of Canada’s Big Six Banks ranked in the top 500 based on their revenues but are in the top 90 most profitable companies in the world: Royal Bank ($7.84 billion in 2016 profits; ranked #50 in total profits, #304 in revenue); TD Bank ($6.64 billion in 2016 profits; ranked #65 in profits, #351 in revenue); Scotiabank ($5.36 billion ranked #88 in profits, #424 in revenue). The profits of all three, and the other three Big Six Banks in Canada, all increased in 2017 so they will all very likely rank even higher in the Global 500 for 2017. The three banks were the most profitable of the 11 Canadian companies in the Global 500 for 2016.
Democracy Watch’s September 2017 submission to Finance Canada’s review and the petition call for the following key changes to stop big bank gouging and abuse:
- Require banks, trust and insurance companies to promote in their mailings and emails to customers that they can join a national Financial Consumer Organization (FCO – as recommended in 1998 by the MacKay Task Force, and the House Finance and Senate Banking committees);
- Strengthen key consumer protection rules, and require the Financial Consumer Agency of Canada (FCAC) to do unannounced, mystery-shopper audits to find violations, and to identify violators and fine them (the FCAC hasn’t done unannounced audits since 2005, and tipped off the banks in March about their current audit);
- Require all banks to be covered by the Ombudsman for Banking Services and Investments (the Conservatives let TD and Royal leave OBSI and choose their own complaint judges);
- Require the FCAC, Auditor General or Competition Bureau to conduct regular independent audits of the profits in each banking division, and savings from withdrawal of services, and require banks to lower prices and interest rates wherever excessive profits are found (i.e. profits higher than 15% annually in any division);
- Require the banks to disclose detailed information annually about their service and lending records (as the U.S. has required banks to do for 30 years), and require corrective action whenever banks discriminate against customers, and;
- Given the big banks each make billions in profit annually, increase the meaningless maximum fine of $500,000 for violations to $50 million.
According to Finance Canada, despite the lowering of barriers to competition 15 years ago under a World Trade Organization agreement, Canada’s big banks control 93 per cent of all banking assets, and are more profitable than comparable banks in other countries, and than small banks in Canada, and Canada’s corporate sector overall. The big banks control of the market essentially allows them to gouge and abuse customers with excessive fees, high interest rates (especially on credit cards). As a result, government regulation is needed to stop them.
The federal government bailed out the banks with $114 billion in mortgage purchases during the financial industry fraud crisis in 2009. It hasn’t required the banks to do anything in return for that bailout, or for the protections from foreign competition that the government gave the banks in 1967, and continues to maintain.
In 2017, Canada’s Big Six banks continued to gouge out excessively high profits of more than $42 billion (13%% higher than in 2016, and more than double their profits in 2010) – in part by firing thousands of people, cutting services, and hiking fees and credit card interest rates. Canada’s big banks also paid their CEOs about $10 million each in 2015, and gave them bonuses that totalled more than $10 million (51% higher than in 2008).
“Will the federal Liberals continue to protect big bank executives and their multi-million salaries or will they make real changes to protect 30 million bank customers from gouging and abuse, especially by requiring banks and insurance companies to promote a national financial consumer group in their emails and mailings to their customers,” said Duff Conacher, Co-founder of Democracy Watch. “At little or no cost to the federal government or the financial services industry, financial consumers across Canada can be given a very easy way to band together to help and protect themselves through joining a national financial consumer organization they fund and run – all the federal government has to do is require the banks and insurance companies to inform their customers about the group.”
“Federal Conservatives and Liberals have watched bank’s hike fees and keep credit card interest rates up to double their profits since 2010, and the Liberals should finally take action like Australia has to audit the banks’ excessive profits,” said Conacher.
The Financial Consumer Agency of Canada (FCAC) has a very weak enforcement record since it was created in 2003. It has made only 125 compliance rulings, is prohibited from naming a law-violating bank unless it prosecutes the bank, and it has only prosecuted 2 banks (neither of them a Big Six bank). The FCAC not only lacks resources by comparison to the similar watchdog agencies in Britain and the U.S., it is also clearly a lapdog compared to these two other agencies. According to an article by Reuter last March, the FCAC has issued fines totaling just $1.7 million since 2001 (the maximum fine allowed under the Bank Act is $500,000, which is meaningless to the big banks who each make more than $10 billion in revenue annually). Since 2013 when it was created, Britain's FCA has already issued penalties totalling more than US$3 billion, and since 2011 when it was created, the U.S. CFPB has already imposed fines of more than US$5 billion.
“The fact that the media revealed the latest wrongdoing by the banks instead of the Financial Consumer Agency of Canada shows that the agency is a lapdog not an effective watchdog, and the banks are not even required to be covered by the Ombudsman for Banking Services and Investments,” said Conacher. “The FCAC must be required to conduct unannounced mystery-shopper audits regularly, and all banks must be covered by the OBSI, and both agencies must be required to identify and penalize banks that violate the law with multi-million dollar fines”
Incredibly, the Financial Consumer Agency of Canada (FCAC) announced last March that it was going to inspect the banks’ selling practices in April. “The FCAC made a big mistake announcing an inspection a month in advance as they tipped off the banks and gave them time to cover up and clean up their wrongdoing,” said Conacher. “It's as bad as the police giving advance notice that they are setting up a speed trap on a highway -- you don’t catch anyone violating the law that way.”
According to the Bank of Canada, the banks currently have about $1.3 trillion in business loans. That makes the so-called Canadian Business Growth Fund of (eventually) $1 billion that the Liberal government announced last March a sad joke as it will amount to only 0.1% of total bank lending. Given that the fund is a joint initiative of Finance Minister Morneau and the big banks, it is clear that the federal Liberals are trying to fool Canadians into applauding the banks for this largely meaningless initiative.
“Instead of helping the banks promote a very small loan fund to help grow entrepreneurial businesses, the federal government should do what the U.S. government did 40 years ago and pass a community reinvestment law requiring the banks to disclose detailed information that will allow the public to judge whether they are discriminating against borrowers such as women entrepreneurs, and requiring the banks to take corrective action whenever discrimination is found,” said Conacher.
“Every dollar of excessive profit for the banks, and every person and business the banks unjustifiably cut off from credit, costs the Canadian economy because it means that the banks are overcharging for their essential services and loans, and choking off spending and job creation,” said Conacher.
FOR MORE INFORMATION, CONTACT:
Duff Conacher, Co-founder of Democracy Watch
Tel: (613) 241-5179
Democracy Watch’s Bank Accountability Campaign